Futuro perfecto

Future Perfect (Futuro Perfecto)


Affirmative Interrogative Negative
I’ll have eaten. Will I have eaten? I won’t have eaten.
You’ll have eaten. Will you have eaten? You won’t have eaten.
He/She/It’ll have eaten. Will he/she/it have eaten? He/She/It won’t have eaten.
We’ll have eaten. Will we have eaten? We won’t have eaten.
You’ll have eaten. Will you have eaten? You won’t have eaten.
They’ll have eaten. Will they have eaten? They won’t have eaten.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Como hemos visto en las lecciones anteriores, hay dos maneras principales para expresar el futuro. Al diferencia del futuro simple, en el tiempo perfecto, el uso de ellos es en general intercambiable.

Grammatical Rules (Reglas grammaticales)

Structure (Estructura)

 

Affirmative Sentences (Frases afirmativas)

Estructura 1
Sujeto + “will have” + verbo principal.
Estructura 2
Sujeto + verbos auxiliar (“to be”) + “going to have” + verbo principal.

Ejemplos:

The party will [is going to] have ended by the time you finish work.

I‘ll [I’m going to] have eaten before we meet.

 

Negative Sentences (Frases negativas)

Estructura
Sujeto + “will” + “not” + “have” + verbo principal.
Estructura
Sujeto + verbo auxiliar (“to be”) + “not” + “going to have” + verbo principal.

Ejemplos:

They party won’t [isn’t going to] have ended by the time you finish work.

I won’t [I’m not going to] have eaten before we meet.

 

Interrogative Sentences (Frases interrogativas)

Estructura
”Will” + sujeto + “have” + verbo principal.
Estructura
Verbo auxiliar (“to be”) + sujeto + “going to have” + verbo principal.

Ejemplos:

Will [Is] the party [going to] have ended before you finish work?

Will [Are] you [going to] have eaten before we meet?

 

Uses (Usos)

Se usa el futuro perfecto para acciones que ya se han terminado antes de otra acción en el futuro. Tambien, se puede usar para expresar que algo va a pasar antes de un momento específico en el futuro.

Ejemplos:

I‘ll have finished my studies before I start my new job.

Is Mike going to have trained enough before his first game?

We won’t have become fluent in Spanish by the time we leave for Mexico next month.

Utilizamos el futuro perfecto para mostrar que algo va a continuar hasta que otra acción en el futuro.

Ejemplos:

Karen is going to have worked for 50 years by the time she retires.

Next week, I’ll have lived in Germany for 1 year.

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